Tooth: Types of Dental Appliances and The Situations in Which They Recommended

Tooth About braces

A dental appliance is an orthodontic appliance that is increasingly used and more accessible in the general population. Have you ever questioned if you require braces? You should know that it is not only used for aesthetic reasons, from the desire to have straight teeth and a perfect dentition, but for various other orthodontic problems. Dental health can restored and maintained for life, with the help of a dental appliance.

Conditions In Which it Advised

  1. Dental crowding

The phenomenon of tooth crowding is one of the most common problems for which braces are the solution. When there is not enough space in the oral cavity, the teeth are “crowded” and intercalated in a completely unpleasant way. Dental braces worn since childhood can help reduce the crowding phenomenon, but not infrequently adults who have worn braces still have this phenomenon. This agglomeration worsens with time and leads to the formation of regions that are difficult to brush and clean, which leads to the accumulation of tartar, resulting in other complications. Fortunately, today, even dental crowding in adults can repair with the help of dental appliances for adults.

  1. Interdental spaces

 Although many celebrities are proud of their hairline, it is not wrong to bother you. Tooth spacing is the opposite of crowding, but it can repaired by wearing braces.

  1. Occlusion problems

Occlusion is actually the closing of the oral cavity when biting. The top arch’s teeth should perfectly overlap the lower arch’s teeth during the bite. There are frequent situations when the bite is not correct due to the forward displacement of either the upper or the lower teeth. Considering the fact that the arches no longer overlap perfectly, this leads, over time, to various oral health problems and increased risk of trauma, difficulties in chewing food, and unaesthetic appearance at the maxillary level.

Types of Dental Appliances

If in the past the options were quite limited, today there are many types and variants of dental appliances, specially chosen for each patient and problem in particular. Each type has both advantages and disadvantages that should take into account when determining the right orthodontic treatment option.

• Metal Dental Appliance, Classic

The classic dental appliance contains metal wires and brackets that attached to the teeth, one for each tooth, allowing the teeth to change their position and place. The newest improvement of this type of device is the introduction of heat-activated threads. They use body heat from the mouth to allow the teeth to move faster and with less discomfort.

This type of appliance is usually the least expensive option while. The efficiency is maximum, so it is the most common type of dental appliance used. The main disadvantage is that it involves the greatest visibility, and some patients want to avoid this aspect, wanting the device to be as little visible as possible to those around them. The only aesthetic modification you can make to this device is changing the elastics of the monthly brackets, and changing their color; these will still be as visible as possible.

• Ceramic Dental Appliance

The ceramic appliance is very similar to the metallic one in terms of shape and size. But the material from which the components are made differs; the ceramic material has a color that camouflages itself in the natural color of the teeth, so the appliance will be less noticeable.

This is as effective as the classic dental appliance, in terms of moving the teeth to the desired position and location. The major advantage is the sharp decrease in its visibility, looking much more natural and thus becoming a preferred option for many people. However, these devices are usually much more expensive and have the disadvantage of staining in case of improper care.

• Sapphire Braces of Tooth

They made of a mature sapphire crystal, a very hard material, which almost invisible. So it will be hard to notice by the people around. Another advantage represents by the comfort offered by brackets with rounded edges. So that anyone can adapt in a very short time. The efficiency of sapphire dental appliances is very close to that of metal appliances.

The disadvantage is that the brackets of transparent devices are less resistant than in the case of metal and ceramic ones.

• Lingual Braces of Tooth

The lingual appliance resembles the first 2 mentioned, it usually made of metal. But the major difference is that the brackets mounted on the internal faces of the teeth, toward the oral cavity. The obvious advantage is that it is not visible from the outside, hidden behind the teeth.

The disadvantage is its efficiency, being less efficient than the classic models, with the brackets located outside. Aligning and straightening the teeth may take a little longer. And comfort for the patient may be difficult to achieve. As the brackets are in direct contact with the tongue. Last but not least, this device requires much more rigorous care. Dental floss and even an oral shower always need to brush hard-to-see places.


The new dental device called Invisalign is unique because it does not involve brackets and wires. It made of a series of transparent, plastic pieces. Worn over the teeth and made according to the measurements of each patient. These parts will remove and replaced every 2 weeks.

It is also essential that Invisalign not worn permanently, like the first appliances. But can be taken off easily when the patient eats or brushes his teeth. Many patients will prefer this type of device, being the easiest to wear, and transparent. And with an extremely natural and pleasant appearance. However, it is not the recommended option except in the case of minor orthodontic problems, in the case of adolescents and young adults.

• Dental (Tooth) Braces with Staples

Although like metal braces, in this case, the brackets will not attach using elastics, but staples. Through a very efficient clamping system. The staples will keep the thread fixed on the teeth, reducing the phenomenon of friction. Another advantage is the ease of care, with patients satisfied with how easy this device is to clean. The efficiency is very close to the classic device.

The disadvantages are related to the price of such a device. A bit more expensive than the rest, and it is still visible from the outside.


Wearing a dental appliance is more and more common, and the reasons are not surprising. Dental appliances, regardless of which type you choose together with your doctor, definitely effective. And sometimes represent the only and best method of treatment for dental defects in alignment, position, or location.

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